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Scope of Projects

Everglades regional: Sulfer & MeHg

Everglades subregional: WCA2A Wading Bird Suitability

Florida Coastal Everglades LTER

Everglades regional: SERES project

Spain Segura Basin: Ecological Economics

Everglades regional: CERP ASR

Everglades regional: CERP Decomp

Everglades WCA-1: unique restoration

Louisiana Davis Pond: restoration prototype

Everglades regional: cal/val (ELM v. 2.8)

Everglades regional: cal/val (ELM v. 2.5)

Everglades WCA-1: unique restoration project

Primary conclusions from this completed project: restoration of ecologically-beneficial water flows and depths is feasible in this National Wildlife Refuge, without compromising water quality.

One of the unique/innovative aspects of our final model analyses and conclusions: recirculate "clean" water from downstream to upstream portions of the landscape, at very low energy (solar derived?) cost.

Overview of ELMwca1 application project

The A.R.M. Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, or Water Conservation Area 1 (WCA-1), is a large impounded marsh in the northern Everglades - and supports a unique and valuable ecosystem that has been degraded in recent decades. For this project, we developed a number of conceptual marsh restoration plans, evaluating their relative benefits among scenarios with a 200 m grid subregional ELM v2.8.1. Included in this project's objectives is a model analysis of alternative management strategies for hydropattern restoration in WCA-1, while improving current levels of water quality. Funding for this research and application (extension) project was from the Everglades Research Division, South Florida Water Management District.

A set of conceptual restoration alternatives were developed and evaluated using a fine-scale application of ELM during Fall 2007 - Spring 2008. Referred to now as "Round 1" of analysis, the model, model assumptions, and results were detailed in the ELMwca1 v2.8 Documentation Report provided below. While hydrologic restoration targets were generally met, and water quality in the basin was improved over baseline runs, the team decided to develop and evalulate a "Round 2" of additional restoration alternatives in Spring-Summer 2008. This "Round 2" of modeling resulted in a restoration alternative that generally met both the hydrologic and water quality targets.

The figures below show some of the hydrologic and water quality performance characteristics of the model (which exceeded the performance of the regional ELM v2.5 application).

ELM2.8wca1 calib stage   ELM2.8wca1 calib TP

Animated visualizations

While rigorous comparisons of simulated to observed data at points along gradients are important in demonstrating model performance, 2D and 3D animations provide a rich amount of information on the model capabilities.

ELM2.8wca1 LORS07 CL
Quicktime movie
(MPEG 19.1 mb) ELMwca1 v2.8 simulated surface water chloride (tracer) concentrations in WCA-1, under the 'Lake Okeechobee Regulation Schedule 2007' (LORS07) Baseline (i.e., not restoration) run for future water management plans. Chloride is assumed to be conservative, and thus not "absorbed" or "released" by the marsh during its transport across the marsh - thus, the highly dynamic water flows can be "traced" to and from the canal that encircles the entire interior perimeter of the hydrologic basin. Each frame is a 30-d mean value of surface water chloride concentration, spanning the 438 intervals of the 1965-2000 climate inputs.

(Note: 1965-2000 dates denote the use of historical climate data, which were used as inputs to model simulations of future system responses to future management operations, under historical climate 'drivers' (i.e., what would have happened from 1965-2000 if the system had been operated under the new simulated management rules). The South Florida Water Management District's SFWMM generated the LORS07 managed water control structure flows that were inputs to this ELM simulation run).

ELMwca1 application project, selected reports and summaries of project analysis

Round 1 of restoration alternative analyses

Final Documentation Report, including Executive Summary


Round 2 of restoration alternative analyses

Reporting on additional modeling alternatives

Additional alts for 'Round 2' of modeling, attempting to minimize water quality problems associated with the structure "S5in" inflows of external water.

The pdf below contains a bullet outline of Round 1 findings, Round 2 goals and conclusions (w/ a new tentative selection), and all Performance Measures for most of the Round 2 simulations that were made. For this report, there was no attempt to rank the alternatives in a matrix.

Added these on Aug 21, 2008:

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